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Determine the length of an object using non-standard units with no gaps or overlaps, expressing the length of the object with a whole number.
Explain that the two digits of a two-digit number represent amounts of tens and ones. a. Identify a bundle of ten ones as a "ten." b. Identify the numbers from 11 to 19 as composed of a ten and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones. c. Identify the numbers 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 as one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine tens (and 0 ones). C. The numbers 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 refer to one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine tens (and 0 ones).
Use addition and subtraction to solve word problems within 20 by using concrete objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. a. Add to with change unknown to solve word problems within 20. b. Take from with change unknown to solve word problems within 20. c. Put together/take apart with addend unknown to solve word problems within 20. d. Compare quantities, with difference unknown, bigger unknown, and smaller unknown while solving word problems within 20.
Solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20 by using concrete objects, drawings, or equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.
Compare pairs of two-digit numbers based on the values of the tens and ones digits, recording the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, and < and orally with the words "is greater than," "is equal to," and "is less than."
Apply properties of operations as strategies to add and subtract. Examples: If 8 + 3 = 11 is known, then 3 + 8 = 11 is also known (commutative property of addition). To add 2 + 6 + 4, the second and third numbers can be added to make a ten, so 2 + 6 + 4 = 2 + 10 = 12 (associative property of addition). When adding 0 to a number, the result is the same number (identity property of zero for addition).
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