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California - Grade 1 - Math - Operations and Algebraic Thinking - Adding and Subtracting within 20 - 1.OA.4 , 1.OA.5 , 1.OA.6

Description

1.OA.4 Understand subtraction as an unknown-addend problem. For example, subtract 10 – 8 by finding the number that makes 10 when added to 8. Add and subtract within 20. 1.OA.5 Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g., by counting on 2 to add 2). 1.OA.6 Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency for addition and subtraction within 10. Use strategies such as counting on; making ten (e.g., 8 + 6 = 8 + 2 + 4 = 10 + 4 = 14); decomposing a number leading to a ten (e.g., 13 – 4 = 13 – 3 – 1 = 10 – 1 = 9); using the relationship between addition and subtraction (e.g., knowing that 8 + 4 = 12, one knows 12 – 8 = 4); and creating equivalent but easier or known sums (e.g., adding 6 + 7 by creating the known equivalent 6 + 6 + 1 = 12 + 1 = 13).

Additional Info

  • State - California
  • Standard ID - 1.OA.4 , 1.OA.5 , 1.OA.6
  • Subjects - Math Common Core
  • Grade - 1

Keywords

  • Math
  • California grade 1
  • Operations and Algebraic Thinking

More California Topics

Distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and three-sided) versus non-defining attributes (e.g., color, orientation, overall size) ; build and draw shapes to possess defining attributes.

Compose two-dimensional shapes (rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, half-circles, and quarter-circles) or three-dimensional shapes (cubes, right rectangular prisms, right circular cones, and right circular cylinders) to create a composite shape, and compose new shapes from the composite shape.1

Partition circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares, describe the shares using the words halves, fourths, and quarters, and use the phrases half of, fourth of, and quarter of. Describe the whole as two of, or four of the shares. Understand for these examples that decomposing into more equal shares creates smaller shares.

Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.

Given a two-digit number, mentally find 10 more or 10 less than the number, without having to count; explain the reasoning used.

Here is the skill that California requires you to master

  • Grade Level 1
  • State Test California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP)
  • State Standards California Common Core State Standards
  • Subject Math
  • Topic Name Adding and Subtracting within 20
  • Standard ID 1.OA.4 , 1.OA.5 , 1.OA.6
  • Description
    1.OA.4 Understand subtraction as an unknown-addend problem. For example, subtract 10 – 8 by finding the number that makes 10 when added to 8. Add and subtract within 20. 1.OA.5 Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g., by counting on 2 to add 2). 1.OA.6 Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency for addition and subtraction within 10. Use strategies such as counting on; making ten (e.g., 8 + 6 = 8 + 2 + 4 = 10 + 4 = 14); decomposing a number leading to a ten (e.g., 13 – 4 = 13 – 3 – 1 = 10 – 1 = 9); using the relationship between addition and subtraction (e.g., knowing that 8 + 4 = 12, one knows 12 – 8 = 4); and creating equivalent but easier or known sums (e.g., adding 6 + 7 by creating the known equivalent 6 + 6 + 1 = 12 + 1 = 13).

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Education Galaxy’s California Content Standards and California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP)

Education Galaxy’s California Content Standards and California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) preparation program provides online assessment and practice for students in Grades K-5 to help build mastery towards the California Common Core State Standards. Our unique online program is easy to use and enjoyable for both teachers and students. Students work on their Study Plans practicing important concepts while teachers pull formative assessment reports to identify the strengths and weaknesses of their classroom and individual students.