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Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart and comparing, with unknowns in all positions.
Understand the two-digits of a two-digit number represent amounts of tens and ones. Understand the following as special cases: a. 10 can be thought of as a bundle of ten ones — called a “ten.” b. The numbers from 11 to 19 are composed of a ten and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight or nine ones. c. The numbers 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 refer to one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight or nine tens (and 0 ones).
Apply properties of operations as strategies to add and subtract.
Given a two-digit number, mentally find 10 more or 10 less than the number, without having to count; explain the reasoning used.
Distinguish between defining attributes versus non-defining attributes; build and draw shapes to possess defining attributes.
Compose shapes. a. Compose two-dimensional shapes to create rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, half-circles and quarter-circles composite shape and compose new shapes from the composite shapes. b. Use three-dimensional shapes (cubes, right rectangular prisms, right circular cones and right circular cylinders) to create a composite shape and compose new shapes from the composite shapes.
Education Galaxy’s K-PREP mastery program provides online assessment and practice for students in Grades K-6 to help build mastery towards the Kentucky Core Academic Standards. Our unique online program is easy to use and enjoyable for both teachers and students. Students work on their Study Plans practicing important concepts while teachers pull formative assessment reports to identify the strengths and weaknesses of their classroom and individual students.